Special Section: Research on Indigenous Use of Information and Communication Technologies
The Australasian Journal of Information Systems (AJIS) has just published its Special Section: Research on Indigenous Use of Information and Communication Technologies
with the following editorial and three articles:
Editorial for the Special Section on Indigenous Use of Information and Communication Technologies:
Information Systems and the Practice of Indigenous Self-determination
Designing archival information systems through partnerships with Indigenous communities:
developing the Mukurtu Hubs and Spokes Model in Australia
Kirsten Thorpe, Kimberly Christen, Lauren Booker, Monica Galassi
Indigenous peoples in Australia have been heavily documented in colonial archives and
collections. The past two decades have seen significant materials from Galleries, Libraries,
Archives and Museums (GLAM) institutions being returned to Indigenous communities in Australia
through physical or digital repatriation of materials. The digital return of materials requires
both appropriate systems for returning both the digital collections, metadata and contextual
information that relates to them, and agreements, policies, and procedures for meaningfully
engaging with Indigenous communities throughout the process. Importantly, the information
returned needs to be accessible, readable, and usable in local community contexts based on
understanding local community needs. This paper discusses priorities around engaging with
Indigenous peoples to reshape and build archival information systems and access points that support
community requirements for digital return and management of cultural heritage materials in local settings. The paper discusses future priorities for designing archival information systems to support Indigenous sovereignty, including data stewardship and preservation approaches. These concerns are discussed and raised as part of the research and development of the global Mukurtu Content Management System (CMS) project, including within the New South Wales (NSW) Australian Mukurtu Hub.
#Archival Information Systems#IndigenousSovereignty#IndigenousDigitalReturn#IndigenousArchives
Knowledge Elicitation with Aboriginal Australian communities
This paper provides techniques for engagement and data collection in researching with
Aboriginal Australian cultures, acknowledging significant differences in forms of
communication and usage of Information Systems to the mainstream Australian culture.
An approach to trust in relationships is developed by interpreting cultural aspects
arising from the diverse relationships to technology developed by Aboriginal users.
This work uses the existing Honeycomb model for social media development as a base
framework for collaborative web systems and online knowledge sharing in the Indigenous
domain. We present a series of product development research projects based in universities
in NSW Australia, in particular user experience studies, to explain the relationship
between the researchers and users and the products that are created in terms of the model.
Some concepts and processes fundamental to engagement with Aboriginal Australian communities
in the supply of appropriate information sharing technology are discussed in this context.
For if Aboriginal people are to engage in IS development, we are sharing the knowledge
or the culture that is embedded in the technology which can have detrimental effects.
Either we are asking them to enter the culture that created the technology, that is assimilate,
or we use engagement in design to change that technology to suit the culture.
Digital Support for Indigenous Research Methodologies
Kathleen Clapham, Helen Hassan, Bronwyn Fredericks, Dawn Bessarab, Peter Kelly, Valerie Harwood, Kate Senior, Marlene Longbottom, Elizabeth Dale
Research undertaken by outsiders into issues of concern to Aboriginal communities frequently ignores
community culture and the knowledge embedded within Aboriginal communities. Methodologies are adopted
which perpetuate the colonialist mindset of non-indigenous Australians leading to failed solutions to
Aboriginal problems. This paper describes an Aboriginal-led community-based research project, exploring
the role of Aboriginal Australians in caring for, and transforming, their own communities. It focuses on
the roles that Information Systems can play when providing an accessible platform for Aboriginal voices.
The authors conducted an in-depth case study of one Aboriginal Community Controlled Organisation (ACCO),
the Illawarra Koori Men’s Support Group (IKMSG). The research consisted of a social network analysis (SNA)
of the inter-organisational links of the IKMSG; interviews and focus groups with members of the IKMSG and
the co-design of their first website. The prominence of the IKMSG in the SNA maps suggests that its work
in the community is highly respected and that the model produced by this research can act as a guide for
success in other ACCOs. The findings have been used to develop a theoretical model of Aboriginal
community engagement and intervention. This model can enable authentic outcomes to projects which
address Aboriginal concerns and support the conduct of community-led research in Aboriginal communities.