Enablers of Open Source Software adoption: A case study of APS organisations

Kavitha Gurusamy, John Campbell

Abstract


Despite a considerable body of literature investigating factors involved in the Open Source Software (OSS) adoption process, there is little research into adoption of OSS by public sector organisations. So it was important to reassess the factors enabling OSS adoption in order to enhance OSS utilization within public sector organisations. This study explored various factors that may enable OSS adoption within Australian Public Sector (APS) organisations by interviewing those involved in software procurement. The findings were analysed through the lenses of technology adoption theories (i.e, Diffusion of Innovation (DOI) theory and Technology Acceptance Model (TAM)), and OSS adoption literature. Success of OSS in government agencies was found to be contingent on critical aspects such as availability of support and maintainability of OSS products, ability to meet organisational business needs in a cost effective manner, economic value associated with OSS such as maintenance and training costs, and attitude of staff toward OSS. The findings suggested that Rogers’ relative advantage and compatibility constructs are major enablers while organisational attributes, environmental attributes, and TAM’s attributes also had some influence on OSS adoption.

Keywords


Open Source Software; Technology adoption theories; Diffusion of Innovation theory; Technology Acceptance Model; Australian Public Sector

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3127/ajis.v17i2.731

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ISSN: Online: 1326-2238 Hard copy: 1449-8618
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